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Finding strategic communication & diverse leadership in the ancient world: The case of Queen Cleopatra VII, the last pharaoh of Egypt

Shannon A. Bowen

Cogent Arts & Humanities, 01 December 2016, Vol.3(1) [Revue évaluée par les pairs]

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  • Titre:
    Finding strategic communication & diverse leadership in the ancient world: The case of Queen Cleopatra VII, the last pharaoh of Egypt
  • Auteur: Shannon A. Bowen
  • Sujets: History ; Public Diplomacy ; Ancient Public Relations ; Origins of Strategic Communication ; Feminist Ruler ; Fine Arts ; N ; Arts in General ; Nx1-820 ; General Works ; A ; History of Scholarship and Learning. The Humanities ; Az20-999 ; Visual Arts
  • Fait partie de: Cogent Arts & Humanities, 01 December 2016, Vol.3(1)
  • Description: The reign of Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt offers a rare historical glimpse into ancient communication activities and how communication was used by the world’s last pharaoh. This historical research reveals how Cleopatra used public relations and strategic communication activities to advance both her reign as a lone woman sovereign and the interests of the Egyptian empire. Cleopatra was perhaps the first woman sovereign in history to rule alone for a period of over a decade. Her leadership showed skilled use of public communication and diplomacy with which she forestalled the fall of Egypt to Rome. A grounded theory approach allowed data to emerge naturally, surrounding communication activities, and then for a theoretical framework to be imposed that could explain the common themes in that data. This research compares Cleopatra’s activities with public relations theory using the classic four models of public relations to classify public communication. Findings show that Cleopatra used research in asymmetrical public relations and symmetrical relationship building, also including public diplomacy, public information, and press agentry/pseudo-event mastery. Careful examination of literature sources led to the conclusion that Cleopatra was a truly advanced, research-based, relationship-focused, and international policy-oriented lone woman ruler who was a supremely strategic communicator.
  • Langue: Anglais
  • Identifiant: ISSN: 2331-1983 ; E-ISSN: 2331-1983 ; DOI: 10.1080/23311983.2016.1154704

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